Know that enzymes catalyse specific reactions in living organisms due to the specific shape of their active site. You should understand that the results of testing and trials are published only after scrutiny by peer review. During high school, Holland was the best student in mathematics in his year, and he found it "just as exciting as punk rock.
They invade neighbouring tissues and spread to different parts of the body in the blood where they form secondary tumours. Diseases, both communicable diseases and non-communicable, are major causes of ill health.
You should appreciate the differences in magnification and resolution between a light microscope and an electron microscope. The digestive system is an example of an organ system in which several organs work together to digest and absorb food.
This breadth of research interests has led to development of two focused, yet overlapping, graduate training programs: Top of Page Describe your experimental design clearly.
The body contains three different types of blood vessel: Be able to interpret the results of the petri dish experiments e.
We want everyone to experience the excitement and value of scientific research at the interface of the mathematical and biological sciences. When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures e.
The spread can be controlled Biology past paper treatment with antibiotics or the use of a barrier method of contraception such as a condom. She co-wrote the song "Session" from the Ignition album and also appears in the Offspring music video "I Choose. Artificial pacemakers are electrical devices used to correct irregularities in the heart rate.
Monte's study found that, over ten years, the bird community shifted upslope in a Honduran cloud forest park. In mature animals, cell division is mainly restricted to repair and replacement. In coronary heart disease an example of cardiovascular disease layers of fatty material build up inside the coronary arteries, narrowing them.
Knowledge and understanding of stem cell techniques are not required.
In terms of exchanging substances at various interfaces you should know all about gas exchange in the lungs, the function of villi in the small intestine, leaf structure and gas exchange and how the gills of fish enable an efficient gas exchange.
A vector has 3 distinctive features: You should be able to describe how to prepare an uncontaminated culture using aseptic technique Petri dishes and culture media must be sterilised before use to kill unwanted microorganisms inoculating loops used to transfer microorganisms to the media must be sterilised by passing them through a flame the lid of the Petri dish should be secured with adhesive tape to prevent microorganisms from the air contaminating the culture, and stored upside down to stop condensation drops falling onto the agar surface.
You should be able to translate information between graphical and numerical forms; and extract and interpret information from charts, graphs and tables in terms of risk factors.
You should understand the consequences of faulty valves. Revise the practical you did on the effect of a range of salt or sugar solutions on plant material 1. Know that damage to any of these systems can be debilitating if not fatal. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. You should be able to use a scatter diagram to identify a correlation between two variables in terms of risk factors.
The description must include both physical and biological characteristics of the site pertinant to the study aims. Located upstream of the multiple cloning site are the promoter regions and the transcription start site which regulate the expression of cloned gene.
Genetic interactions epistasis can often confound simple interpretations of such " knockout " studies. You should be able to describe the nature of enzyme molecules and relate their activity to temperature and pH changes.
Faulty heart valves can be replaced using biological or mechanical valves. Most often it is not.
This reduces the flow of blood through the coronary arteries, resulting in a lack of oxygen for the heart muscle. The study of the chemistry behind biological processes and the synthesis of biologically active molecules are examples of biochemistry.
Many diseases are caused by the interaction of a number of factors. Health is the state of physical and mental wellbeing. It delivers the substance to the cancer cells without harming other cells in the body.New Updates Coming Soon Stay Tuned · © IGCSE Past Papers · Powered by · Designed with the Customizr theme · IGCSE.
Molecular biology / m ə ˈ l ɛ k j ʊ l ər / is a branch of biology that concerns the molecular basis of biological activity between biomolecules in the various systems of a cell, including the interactions between DNA, RNA, proteins and their biosynthesis, as well as the regulation of these interactions.
Writing in Nature inWilliam Astbury described molecular biology as.
CXC CSEC English A exam - past paper type exam questions. Here are links to sample CXC CSEC English A exam questions. These are sample paper 2 questions. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education MARK SCHEME for the May/June question paper.
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